Built in 1932, the federal penitentiary in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, looks more like a church than a prison. Its history and inmate roster reads like a "Who's Who" of 20th-century American history and includes Alger Hiss, Morton Sobel and Al Capone.
At the height of its infamy, Florida State Prison at Raiford was the scene of stabbings, beatings and even a decapitation. Closed due to overcrowding, today, Raiford is home to Florida's death row, where more than 300 men await execution by electrocution.
Located near Belfast, Maze Prison holds both Catholic and Protestant prisoners, including paramilitary groups like the Irish Republican Army. Investigate several incidents, including the Dirty Protest, when prisoners smeared human waste on prison walls.
The State Penitentiary in Auburn, New York is one of America's first attempts at criminal rehabilitation. Its founders were liberal prison reformers who believed their task could be accomplished through penitence, hard work, and silence.
State Prison in Parchman, Mississippi is a land without visible boundaries. Embodying the traditions and folk wisdom of the South, its legacy includes brutal executions in a gas chamber.
Called the "Castle on the Cumberland," Kentucky's maximum-security prison houses the "worst of the worst" and holds a gruesome national record of seven executions in a single day.